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Ko drži 90 % prehrambene industrije
Najveći broj proizvođača slatkiša i mlekara u vlasništvu evropskih kuća, pišu Novosti.

Oko naše prehrambene industrije su se otimali inostrani kupci i ona je vrlo brzo privatizovana.

Industrija hrane u Srbiji opstaje uprkos brojnim preprekama. Čini više od 30 odsto ukupne prerađivačke industrije Srbije i godišnje plasira na strana tržišta namirnice u vrednosti od oko milijardu evra. Jedna je od malobrojnih grana sa pozitivnim spoljnotrgovinskim saldom, izvoz je za 515 miliona evra veći od uvoza. S druge strane, gotovo 90 odsto prehrambene industrije je u rukama stranih kompanija.

Milan Prostran, sekretar Udruženja za agrar Privredne komore Srbije, kaže za „Novosti“ da industrija hrane u Srbiji još može da se nosi sa ogromnom konkurencijom.

"Srpska prehrambena industrija ukupno zapošljava oko 65.000 radnika ili 20 odsto u prerađivačkoj branši, a takva je situacija bila je i pre početka ekonomske krize", naglašava Prostran.

"Velike su, međutim, promene u odnosu na period od pre 15 i 20 godina, kada je radilo duplo više uljara, šećerana, a sada je aktivno po nekoliko. Registrovano je oko 4.500 malih, srednjih i velikih kompanija koje sa bave prehrambenom delatnošću. Broj kompanija i broj zaposlenih identični su onom iz perioda od 2008."

Srpska prehrambena industrija je i tehnološki u dosta dobrom stanju. Posle privatizacija, novi vlasnici mahom inostrane kompanije obnavljali su i modernizovali pogone.

"Oko naše prehrambene industrije su se „otimali“ inostrani kupci i ona je vrlo brzo privatizovana, posebno onaj „zdravi“ deo", kaže Prostran.

" Industrija šećera uglavnom je u stranim je rukama, kao i najveći deo konditora - „Atlantik grupa“ preuzela je „Štark“, a „Salford“ - „Bambi Banat“. Domaći su ostali „Pionir“ i „Banini“. I mlekare su takođe u okviru stranog kapitala, „Salford“ je kupio „Imlek“ i Subotičku, Zrenjaninska pripada francuskoj kompaniji „Bongren“, Somborsku drži „Laktalis“ francuska grupa, u Kragujevcu je nemački „Megle“, ostala je domaća Šabačka mlekara. U uljarama pola je domaćeg, a polovina stranog kapitala. Klanice su nam možda najlošije prošle u tom periodu privatizacije. Deo kapaciteta mesne industrije najmanje je iskorišćen. Ima puno prostora i za industrijsku preradu kukuruza, a treba više ulagati u preradu voća i povrća, tu su naše velike šanse."


Poljske firme spremne da ulažu u Srbiju - "Nitroerg" otvara fabriku privrednog eksploziva
Ministarka regionalnog razvoja i lokalne samouprave Verica Kalanović ocenila je da je Prvi srpsko-poljski privredni forum, koji je ona u četvrtak (16, maja 2013. godine) otvorila u Katovicama, prevazišao sva očekivanja, i da će doprineti intenzivnijoj saradnji srpskih i poljskih firmi.

- Mi već danas imamo konkretne rezultate. "Nitroerg" iz Poljske potpuno definisala svoj ugovor za otvaranje fabrike privrednog eksploziva u Boljevcu, jednoj od najnerazvijenijih opština u Srbiji, što će za početak značiti zapošljavanje 100 radnika, dok se kasnije očekuje i povećanje broja zaposlenih - rekla je Kalanović.

Prema njenim rečima, u toku su detaljni razgovori o potencijalnim strateškim partnerima oko privatizacije dve srpske fabrike u restrukturisanju.

- Na korak smo do pronalaženja strateških partnera za "Budimku" iz Požege i "Fabriku reznog alata" iz Čačka. Što je najbitnije, time će biti rešeno pitanje oko 700 ljudi, koji danas rade u te dve fabrike - istakla je ministarka Kalanović.

Na Forumu je učestvovalo više od 130 firmi iz Srbije i Poljske.

- Ako je, kao po onoj narodnoj poslovici, po jutru se dan poznaje, onda mogu da kažem da za srpsko-poljsku saradnju dolaze značajno bolji dani - istakla je ministarka.

Kalanovićeva se tom prilikom sastala sa vojvodom šleskim, prvim čovekom regiona Šlezije, jednog od industrijski i ekonomski najrazvijenijih i prirodnim resursima najbogatijih regiona u Poljskoj.

- Poljska privreda pokazuje zainteresovanost za ulaganje u Srbiju, jer je srpsko tržište pogodno za investicije, čemu posebno doprinosi povoljan poreski sistem - kazao je vojvoda, domaćin Foruma.


Polish companies ready to invest in Serbia - Nitroerg to open commercial powder factory in Boljevci
The Minister of Regional Development and Local Self-Governance, Verica Kalanovic, estimated that the first Serbian-Polish Economy forum, which she opened on Wednesday, May 16, 2013 in Katovci, exceeded the expectations and that it would contribute to more intensive cooperation of Serbian and Polish companies.


- We already have today specific results. Polish Nitroerg has completely defined its contract for opening the company of trade explosive in Boljevci, one of the most undeveloped municipalities in Serbia. Initially, it implies a job for 100 people while in latter stages, an employment number will increase – Kalanovic said.

According to her words, talks on potential strategic partners with respect to privatization of two Serbian companies undergoing restructuring process are in progress.


- We are only a step far from strategic partners for Pozega-based Budimka and Cacak-based Fabrika reznog alata. The most important thing is this will solve an issue of 700 people working in these two companies today – the Minister Kalanovic said.

More than 130 companies from Serbia and Poland attended the Forum.


- If judging by the beginning, I can say that the Serbian-Polish cooperation should see significantly better days– the Minister pointed out.

Upon that occasion, Kalanovic met the Duke Schlesia, the first man of the Schlesia region, one of the industrially and economically most developed and richest in natural resources region in Poland.

- The Polish economy is showing interest in investing in Serbia since Serbian market is convenient for investments, especially having favourable tax system – the Duke, a host of the Forum, said.

- Poljska privreda pokazuje zainteresovanost za ulaganje u Srbiju, jer je srpsko tržište pogodno za investicije, čemu posebno doprinosi povoljan poreski sistem - kazao je vojvoda, domaćin Foruma.


Kragujevac to get nano technology car industry lab
The International Fair of car spare parts producers of the SEE, SEE Auto CompoNet 2013 was finished yesterday in Kragujevac. General Manager of Fiat Cars Serbia, (FAS) Antonio Cezare Ferara and the President of the Regional Chamber of Commerce in Kragujevac, Dusan Puaca opened the fair.

Just like similar manifestations abroad, the Fair in Kragujevac had also B2B meetings and meetings with buyers - "Meet the Buyer".

Dusan Pauaca explains for eKapija that via www.see-autocompo.net, 89 firms which had 231 meeting was registered while the exhibition space had 30 companies from 10 countries.

- There are two basic categories in car industry – producers such as our FAS, companies from "original equipment manufacturer" (OEM), and companies which produce components TIER1, TIER2, TIER3… All of them are included in the production chain and companies in these categories had B2B meetings and talks with buyers – Puaca explains adding that the accent was on new and future projects.

Car industry is innovative, as he says, and developing so we always have to look into the future.

Kragujevac was not sitting still when it comes to innovations. A Letter of intentions for the implenetation of the project of car industru nano technology development was signed.

- We are implementing the project in cooperation with institutions from Hungary and Italy, We ahev three stages and we are planning to open an educational lab for nano technology in Kragujevac in the first one. We are planning to train graduates of technical sciences as well as natural and mathematical sciences of physics, chemistry and electrical engineering. The lab would be equipped by three companies – Euromenager and Land Biz from Hungary as well as Serbian Kragujevac-based Serbo lab. In the second stage, we would set up public-private consortium which would participate in the EU projects. These consortiums can be found in Hungary and Italy. The third stage would imply attracting foreign investors – our interlocutor says.

At the fair in Sumadija, exhibitors from Hungary with three companies had significant place – Hungarian-Serbian Chamber, Hungarian Investment and Trade Agency (HITA) and the Association of the Hungarian Vehicle Component Manufacturers (MAJOSZ).

- It is not accidental that Hungarians are active in this field, there are 400 companies in their cluster working in this field for four manufacturers Mercedes, Hyundai, GM and Suzuki. A Memo on cooperation will be signed with the Hungarian-Serbian Chamber when car cluster companies from central Serbia visit Hungarian partners in October. It is very important because Serbian companies need new knowledge and strategic partnerships.

SEE Auto Compo Net 2013 was organized by RPK Kragujevac – the Center for Excellence of Car Industry of the West Balkans and the Regional Cluster of Central Serbia and the gold sponsor was the Schenker company.


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